S3: International migration


Număr de credite: 7
Cod: AME0130
Predare: curs 2h, seminar 1h
Limba de predare: engleză
Tip: curs principal, semestrul 3, Masteratul Cercetare Sociologică Avansată

István Horváth
profesor universitar doctor
Facultatea de Sociologie şi Asistenţă Socială
Universitatea Babeş-Bolyai


Introduction. Presentation of the syllabus. Organization of seminaries clarification of the final assessment guidelines. An inventory of the acquired knowledge regarding migration.
Baseline typologies. Boundaries and migration: internal and external migration. Freedom, voluntary and coerced migration. Politic and economic migration. Asylum and refugees..
Post-world war European migration. Ethnic migration. Emigration of Jews and Germans from Romania International refugee regime: UNCHR EU and the refugee crisis.
Legal status of migrants. Illegal and irregular migration. Forms of organization of international migrations spontaneous and managed migration. Migration and skills: from brain-drain to brain exchange. Labour migration agencies and policies. East West EU migration.
Counting migrants. Basic statistical concepts and systems of statistical monitoring of international migration and migrants. Stocks and flows. Types of population of foreign origin. Mirror statistics. Data sources and metadata analysis: EUROSTAT, WorldBank, OECD.
Theories of international migration. Demographic models. Zelinsky’s mobility transition model. Basic behaviourist models (push-pull) Classical and neo-classical economic models in explaining migration.
Structural theories: dual (segmented) labour market theory. World system theories. Migration system. Culture of migration
International migration history until the second world war. Colonization. The first wave of globalizationEnd of 19th century migration to America. Transylvania at the beginning of twentieth century and the connection to global migration streams.
Migration during communism. Iron Curtain and the politicisation of asylum. Labour migration regimes: Gastarbeiter and Bracero programs, the questionable temporary migration schemes.
Post 1989 migration in Europe. From fortress Europe to EU integration. Romania and migration.
Transnationalism and transnational practices. Transnational governance of migration. Migration and politics.
Migration and the highly skilled. Medical doctors and the highly skilled.
Consequences of migration. Migration and development from developmental optimism to world system theories.




Presentation of portfolios on a selected thematic.

Bibliografie curs

1) Massey, Douglas S., Joaquin Arango, Graeme Hugo, Ali Kouaouci, Adela Pellegrino, and J. Edward Taylor. 1993. „Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal.” Population and Development Review 19(3):431-466.
2) Horváth, István. 2005. Változó környezet állandósuló trendek? Erdély és Magyarország közötti migrációs folyamatok [Changing context, stabilizing trends? Migratory processes between Transylvania and Hungary]. Sciencia Kiadó.
3) Massey, Douglas S., and J. Edward Taylor. 2004. International Migration. Oxford University Press.
4) Boyle, P., Halfacree, K. and Robinson, V. (1998) Exploring Contemporary Migration. Longman, Harlow.
5) Kane, June 2005. Child Trafficking – The People Involved. A synthesis of findings from Albania, Moldova, Romania and Ukraine. IPEC-ILO. http://www.ilo.org/iloroot/docstore/ipec/prod/eng/2005_traf_involved_en.pdf
6) Dotrridge, Mike. 2006. „Action to Prevent Child Trafficking in South Eastern Europe. A Preliminary Assessment.” Pp. 91. UNICEF Regional Office for CEE/CIS &Terres des hommes Foundation. http://www.unicef.org.uk/publications/pdf/traffick3008.pdf
7) Anghel Remus, Horváth István (2009) Introducere in Anghel Remus, Horváth István (red.) Sociologia migraţiei. Polirom
8) Horváth István 2008. Culture of Migration of Romanian Youth. In Journal of Ethnic and Migration Brettell, Caroline B. and James F. Hollifield. 2000. „Migration theory: Talking Across Disciplines.” New York and London: Routledge.

Bibliografie seminar

UNCHR forced displacement, asylum trends http://www.unhcr.org/556725e69.html
Dussault, G., Fronteira, I., & Cabral, J. (2009). Migration of health personnel in the WHO European Region: World Health Organization, Europe.
Galan, A., Olsavszky, V., & Vlădescu, C. (2011). Emergent challenge of health professional emigration: Romania’s accession to the EU. In M. Wismar, C. B. Maier, I. A. Glinos, G. Dussault & J. Figueras (Eds.), Health Professional Mobility and Health Systems. Evidence from 17 European countries (pp. 449-478): The European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies.
Lowell, B. L., Findlay, A. M., & International Labour Office. International Migration, B. (2002). Migration of highly skilled persons from developing countries : impact and policy responses : synthesis report. Geneva: ILO
Pries, L. 2001: New transnational social spaces : international migration and transnational companies in the early twenty-first century. London; New York: Routledge.
Sassen, S. Cracked Casings: Notes towards an analytics for studying transnational processes 187-208
Mary M. Kritz GLOBALISATION AND INTERNATIONALISATION OF TERTIARY EDUCATION http://www.un.org/esa/population/migration/turin/Symposium_Turin_files/P02_KRITZ_Rev3_Augst21.pdf
United, Nations and Europe Economic Commission for. 2017. „Defining and Measuring Circular Migration.” https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/stats/documents/ece/ces/bur/2016/February/14-Add1_Circular_migration.pdf
Sandu, Dumitru. 2000. „Migrația Circulatorie Ca Strategie De Viață.” Sociologie Româneascã 2/2000:5-29.
Triandafyllidou, Anna 2010. „Towards a Better Understanding of Circular Migration. Metoikos Concept Paper.” Vol.  METOIKOS Project. San Domenico di Fiesole: European University Institute, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies.
Waldinger, Roger David, and Michael Ira Lichter (2003) How the other half works : immigration and the social organization of labor. Berkeley: University of California Press. Capitolele 2 și 3




Metode de evaluare

  • 60% – written exam

Criterii de evaluare:

  • ability to analytically use the concepts and theories
  • accurately interpret different data




Metode de evaluare:

  • 40% – Structure and content

Criterii de evaluare:

  • portofolio
  • presentations

Obiective generale

  • Understand the emergence, structuration and consequences of international migration, both from the perspective of source and destination countries, with a special focus on Romania as country of origin.

Obiective specifice

  • Analysis of the institutionalized structuration of the contemporary labour migration and the transformations in terms of social organization of labour (both in receiving and sending countries) determined by the new waves of migrations. Understating the relation between the expanding globalization and various forms and typologies of migration. Critical analysis of the public policies in the realm of migration and migration induced social and political consequences.