S3: State, territory, citizenship


Număr de credite: 7
Cod: AME1113
Predare: curs 2h
Limba de predare: engleză
Tip: curs principal, semestrul 3, Masteratul Cercetare Sociologică Avansată

Irina Culic
profesor universitar doctor
Facultatea de Sociologie şi Asistenţă Socială
Universitatea Babeş-Bolyai


State as object of analysis. A cartography fo the state.
A. State-centered theories (I. Marx, Polsby, Dahl, Bachrach & Baratz, Lukes. II. Hunter, C.Wright Mills, Domhoff, Putnam)
B. Society-centered theories (Weber, Mann, Skocpol)

State as historical object. First states. Formation of modern states in Europe: militarism, political community, social justice (Tilly, Rokkan, Giddens, Jessop).
What is state? Issues of conceptualization. (Nettl, Abrams, Bourdieu)
State’s space. Territory, society, representation.
Statue as architect: modernizing projects, representation and legibility.
Territory and borders: on the capacity to control movement
Subject and population. Disciplinary regimes, governmentality. (Foucault)
State, control, and regulation: on accounting objects and populations
State as ethnographer: governing colonies, creation of populations.
State and the production of gender. Population control through gender policy and policing of sexuality.
The concept of citizenship. The tensed relation between nation, population, political community, citizen.



Karl Marx selections fromGerman Ideology; Preface to the Contribution to the critique of political economy; The Capital.
Nelson Polsby. 1960. “How to study community power: The Pluralist Alternative.” Journal of Politics 22(3): 474-84.
Peter Bachrach and Morton Baratz. 1962. “Two faces of Power.” American Political Science Review 56(4): 947-952.
Steven Lukes. 2005. Power. A Radical View. London: Palgrave Macmillan. (second, revised edition)
Charles Wright Mills. 1956. The Power Elite. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
William Domhoff. 1967. Who Rules America. MacGraw Hill. (fourth edition)

Max Weber. 1978 [1922]. “Domination by Economic Power and by Authority,” “Characteristics of Modern Bureaucracy,” “The Power Position of the Bureaucracy,” pp. 941-948, 956-963, 990-992 in Economy and Society, Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich, eds. Berkeley: University of California Press.
*Michael Mann. 1984. “The Autonomous Power of the State: Its Origins, Mechanisms and Results.” European Journal of Sociology 25(2): 185-213.
Peter Evans, Theda Skocpol and Dietrich Rueschmeyer. 1985. “Introduction” and “On the road toward a more adequate understanding of the State” in Putting the State back in, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 347-366.

Robert L. Carneiro. 1970. “A Theory of the Origin of the State: Traditional Theories of State Origins are Considered and Rejected in Favour of a New Ecological Hypothesis.” Science, vol. 169, pp. 733-738.
*Robert M. Schacht. 1988. “Circumscription Theory. A Critical Review.” American Behavioral Scientist, vol.31(4), pp. 438-448.
Charles Tilly (coord.). 1975. The Formation of Nation States in Western Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Anthony Giddens. 1987. The Nation-State and Violence. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Bob Jessop. 1990. State Theory. Putting Capitalist States in Their Place. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University.

Stein Rokkan, “Nation-Building: A Review of Models and Approaches.” Current Sociology, vol.19(3), 1971, pp. 7-38.
Thomas Janoski et al (eds). 2005. The Handbook of Political Sociology. States, Civil Societies, and Globalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. C1, pp. 1-30.
Baudouin, Jean. 1999 c1998. Introducere în sociologia politică. Timişoara: Amarcord, pp. 57-88.
Anderson, Perry. c1974. Lineages of the Absolutist States. London & New York: Verso.
Bendix, Reinhard (c1977, 1996), Nation-Building and Citizenship. Studies of Our Changing Social Order, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick USA & London UK.
Clastres, P. 1977. Society against the State. Blackwell, Oxford.
Hall, John A. (ed.). 1986. States in History. Basic Blackwell, Oxford.
Hall, John A., Ikenberry, G.John. 1989. The State. Open University Press, Milton Keynes.
Poggi, Gianfranco. 1978. The Development of the Modern State: a Sociological Introduction. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.
Poggi, Gianfranco. 1990. The State. Its Nature, Development and Prospects. Polity Press, Cambridge.
Service, E. 1975. Origins of State and Civilization, Norton, New York.
Sicker, Martin. 1991. The Genesis of the State, Praeger, New York.

*Pierre Bourdieu. 1994. “Rethinking the State: Genesis and Structure of the Bureaucratic Field.” Sociological Theory 12(1): 1-18. În românește: “Spiritul statului. Geneza și structura câmpului birocratic“. În Rațiuni practice, București: Editura Meridiane, pp. 72-109.
J. P. Nettl. 1968. “The State as a Conceptual Variable.” World Politics 20(4): 559-592.
Philip Abrams. 1988. “Notes on the difficulty of studying the State.” Journal of Historical Sociology 1(1): 58-89.
Ernst H. Kantorowicz. 2014 (c1957). Cele două corpuri ale regelui. Iași: Polirom. Capitolu 1-ProblemaȘ Rapoartele lui Plowden, pp. 22-35.
Irina Culic. 2010. „State of Imagination: Embodiments of Immigration Canada.” The Sociological Review, Vol. 58 (3), pp. 343-360.
Bob Jessop. 2001. “Bringing the State back in (yet again): reviews, revisions, rejections and redirections.” International Review of Sociology, 11(2): 149-173.

*Henri Lefebvre. 1999. “Space and the State.” in State/Space. A Reader. Neil Brenner et al (eds). pp. 84-100.
James Ferguson and Akhil Gupta. 2002. “Spatializing States: Toward an Anthropology of Neoliberal Governmentality.” American Ethnologist 29(4): 981-1002.
Akhil Gupta. 1995. “Blurred Boundaries: The Discourse of Corruption, the Culture of Politics, and the Imagined State“. American Ethnologist, 22(2): 375-402.
Elisabeth Cullen Dunn. 2008. “Postsocialist Spores: Disease, Bodies, and the State in the Republic of Georgia.” American Ethnologist 35(2): 243-258.

*James C. Scott. 1998. Seeing Like a State. How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. [capitolele 1 și 4] [*James C. Scott. 2007. În numele statului. Modele eșuate de îmbunătățire a condiției umane. Iași: Polirom.] Tania Murray Li (2005)“Beyond „the State” and Failed Schemes.” American Anthropologist 107(3): 383-394.
Michael Herzfeld. 2006. “Spatial Cleansing. Monumental Vacuity and the Idea of the West.” Journal of Material Culture 11(1-2): 127-149.
Timothy Mitchell (ed.). 2000. Questions of Modernity. Minneapolis & London: University of Minnesota Press. C1: The Stage of Modernity, pp. 1-34
James Ferguson and Akhil Gupta. 2002. “Spatializing States: Toward an Anthropology of Neoliberal Governmentality.” American Ethnologist 29(4): 981-1002.
Neil Brenner . 1999. “Beyond state-centrism? Space, territoriality, and geographical scale in globalization studies.” Theory and Society. 28(1): 39–78.

* Claudia Aradau. 2004. “The Perverse Politics of Four-Letter Words: Risk and Pity in the Securitisation of Human Trafficking.” Millennium: Journal of International Studies 33(2), pp. 251-277.
John Torpey. 1998. “Coming and Going: On the State Monopolization of the Legitimate ‘Means of Movement’.” Sociological Theory 16(3): 239-259.
Peter Nyers. 2012. “Moving Borders. The Politics of Dirt”. Radical Philosophy 174 (Jul/Aug 2012) / Commentary. (downloads 2015)
Wendy Brown. 2014 (paperback). Walled States, Waning Sovereignty. New York: Zone Books.
Engin F. Isin, Greg M. Nielsen. 2008. Acts of Citizenship. London & New York. Zed Books.
Leyla J. Keough. 2006. “Globalizing ‘Postsocialism:’ Mobile Mothers and Neoliberalism on the Margins of Europe.” Anthropological Quaterly 21(3): 431-461.

*Michel Foucault. c1974, 1997. A supraveghea si a pedepsi. Bucuresti: Humanitas. Capitolul 1, Partea a treia [Disciplina], Corpurile Docile. pp. 203-248.
Michel Foucault. 1991. “Governmentality,” pp. 87-104 in The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality, edited by Graham Burchell, Collin Gordon, and Peter Miller. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Nicholas Rose and Peter Miller. 1992. “Political Power Beyond the State.” British Journal of Sociology 43(2), 173-205.
Michel Foucault. 1982. “The Subject and Power.” Critical Inquiry 8(4): 777-795.
Michel Foucault. 2007. Lecture on 11 January 1978, in Security, Territory, Population. Lectures at the Collège de France, 1977-1978. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 1-27.
Michel Foucault. 2008. Lecture on 10 January 1979, in The Birth of Biopolitics. Lectures at the College de France, 1978-1979. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 1-25.

*Martha Poon. 2009. „From New Deal Institutions to Capital Markets: Commercial Consumer Risk Scores and the Making of Subprime Mortgage Finance.” Accounting, Organizations, and Society 34 (2009): 654-74.
Martha Poon. 2012. „Statistically Discriminating Without Discrimination.” London School of Economics. Manuscript.
Claudia Aradau. “The Roma in Italy Racism as usual?” Radical Philosophy, 153 (March-April 2009)
Claudia Aradau and Tobias Blanke. 2015. „The (Big) Data-security assemblage: Knowledge and critique”. Big Data and Society. 2015: 1-12. DOI: 10.1177/2053951715609066
Jacob Silverman. 2014. „The Crowdsourcing Scam. Why do you deceive yourself?”. The Baffler 26. http://thebaffler.com/salvos/crowdsourcing-scam

*Ann Laura Stoler. 2002. Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule. Los Angeles: University of California Press. Capitolele 1-3.
Bruce Curtis: Census. The Politics of Population. State Formation, Statisticism and the Census of Canada, 1840-1875. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. C1, 4, pp. 24-45, 134-170.
Benedict Anderson. 1991. Imagined Communities. London: Verso. (2nd edition) C 10. Census, Map, Museum. p. 163-185.
Arjun Appadurai. 1996. “Number in the Colonial Imagination.” In Modernity at Large. Cultural Dimensions of Globalisation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press: 114-36.
Timothy Mitchell . 1988. Colonising Egypt. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

*Gail Kligman. 1998. The Politics of Duplicity. Controlling Reproduction in Ceausescu’s Romania. Berkeley: University of California Press.
[*Gail Kligman. 2000. Politica Duplicitatii. Controlul reproducerii in Romania lui Ceausescu. Bucuresti: Humanitas.] *Lynne Haney. 1996. “Homeboys, Babies, Men in Suits: The State and the Reproduction of Male Dominance.” American Sociological Review 61(5): 759-778.
Gail Kligman. 1992. “The Politics of Reproduction in Ceausescu’s Romania. A Study in Political Culture.” East European Politics and Societies 6(3): 364-418.
Cynthia Weber. 1998. “Performative States.” Millennium: Journal of International Studies. 27(1): 77-95.
MacKinnon, Catharine. 1989. Toward a Feminist Theory of the State. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. (in special capitolele 1-4).
Ann Shola Orloff. 1999. “Motherhood, Work, and Welfare in the United States, Britain, Canada, and Australia.” in State/ Culture. State Formation after the Cultural Turn. George Steinmetz (ed.) Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
R. W. Connell (1990) “The State, Gender, and Sexual Politics: Theory and Appraisal.”
Theory and Society 19(5): 507-544.

*Constantin Iordachi. 2009. “Politics of citizenship in post-communist Romania: Legal regimes, restitution of nationality and multiple memberships,” in Rainer Bauböck, Bernhard Perchinig, Wiebke Sievers (eds.) Citizenship Policies in the New Europe, 2nd enlarged and updated edition. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. pp. 177-209.
Rainer Bauböck. 2010. Dual Citizenship for Transborder Minorities? How to Respond to the Hungarian-Slovak Tit-for-tat. EUI Working Paper, RSCAS 2010/75.
Kántor, Zoltán. 2004. The Hungarian Status Law: Nation Building and/ or Minority Protection. Sapporo: Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University.
Irina Culic. 2006. “Dilemmas of Belonging: Hungarians from Romania.” Nationalities Papers 34 (2): 175-200.
Levitt, Peggy and Rafael de la Dehesa. 2003. “Transnational Migration and the Redefinition of the State: Variations and Explanations.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 26(4): 587-611.

Eugen Weber. 1976. Peasants into Frenchmen. The Modernization of Rural France, 1870-1914. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Weil, Patrick. 2002. Qu’est-ce qu’un français? Histoire de la nationalité française de la Révolution à nos jours. Paris: Grasset.
Linda Weiss. 2005. “The State-augmenting Effects of Globalisation.” New Political Economy 10(3): 345-353.
Nira Yuval-Davis (1999) “The ‘multi-layered citizen’: citizenship in the age of ‘glocalization’.” International Feminist Journal of Politics 1(1): 119-136.
Craig Calhoun. 2004. “Is It Time to Be Postnational?” in Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Minority Rights. Stephen May, Tariq Modood and Judith Squires (eds). Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 231-256.
Akhil Gupta. 1992. The Song of the Nonaligned World: Transnational Identities and the Reinscription of Space in Late Capitalism. Cultural Anthropology, Vol. 7(1), pp. 63-79.



  • active participation: required
  • two bibliographical tests: mid-term and final – each worth 50% of the final grade


Obiective generale

  • Understanding the social relationships that give rise to the discourse about the state, its institutionalized forms, and its everyday manifestations.
  • Clarify the main ways to conceptualize the state and the social processes that involve it, discussing the analytic relation between state, territory, and citizenship.

Obiective specifice

  • Understand and recognize the ways state function in various aspects of everyday life and how it shapes the individuals and the social froms in which individuals are embedded