The first Department of Sociology in Cluj-Napoca was established at the King Ferdinand University in 1922 in the Department of Philosophy of the Faculty of Letters and Philosophy. With the restoration of state socialism the academic studies in the social sciences were heavily reduced and ideologized. A concern for social research was kept alive in Cluj largely through the efforts of the group of researchers coordinated by the late professor Ion Aluaş. They will lay the foundation for future faculty.
Shortly after the political regime changed, Babeș-Bolyai University reopened specialisations in sociology and social work. The Department of Sociology and the Department of Social Work were initially integrated in the Faculty of History and Philosophy, from which it separated in 2001 to form a separate faculty: Faculty of Sociology and Social Work. Since 2003, the faculty also offers a specialisation in social and cultural anthropology and since 2010 in the field of human resources.